"WOMEN MAKE NEWS & HISTORY EVERY DAY DATABASE": AUGUST
Beverly's unique Database is the first-of-its-kind to honor women in history up to making history today. She presents little-known facts about popular personalities, as well as the many unsung heroines not found in traditional histories or reported in the media today.
On August 26, 1970, the Women's Strike for Equality marked the 50th anniversary of women's suffrage. More than 20,000 women and men marched on Fifth Avenue in New York City. Events were held in more than 90 cities and 40 states across the US. See August 26.
Who was the first African-American to win the US Open and Wimbledon? See August 25.
When did all women in US get the right to vote? What is "Women's Equality Day?" See August 26.
Who founded the Montessori education system? See August 31.
1893 Dorothy Parker born. Satirist, writer for The New Yorker; co-founder of the Algonquin Round Table.
"The first thing I do in the morning is brush my teeth and sharpen my tongue."
1984 Diane Sawyer debuted as the first female co host on "60 Minutes."
1838 Mt. Holyoke Female Seminary graduated first class. Became college in 1893.
1944 Antonia C. Novella born. First female and first Hispanic surgeon general (1990-1993)
1920 Tennessee certified ratification of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution.
1828 Jane Lathrop Stanford born. Co-founder and funder of Stanford University, with her husband, in memory of their only son who died at 15. Stanford opened in 1891. She is buried with husband and son on the Stanford campus.
1927 Althea Gibson born. Tennis pioneer was first African-American to compete and win in US Open and Wimbledon (1957-1958). She became the only African-American member of the LPGA. AP Female Athlete of the Year (1957 and 1958). Tennis Hall of Fame (1971).
See my article in Huffington Post: "Let Us Remember Alice Marble, the Catalyst for Althea Gibson to Break the Color Barrier"
1994 Ann Manson, 32, was the first woman to conduct all-male Salzburg Symphony at Salzburg Festival.
1874 Zona Gale born. First female to win Pulitzer for drama (1921).
1910 Mother Teresa born. Nobel Peace Prize (1979).
1917 Ten suffragists were arrested for picketing the White House.
1920 The Nineteenth Amendment granting American women in every state the right to vote was ratified after almost a century of struggle. It had taken 56 referenda to male voters, 480 efforts to get state legislatures to submit suffrage amendment and 19 successive congressional campaigns. Charlotte Woodward, 91, was the only one of the 68 women who signed the Declaration of Sentiments at the Seneca Falls Women's Rights Conference in 1848, still alive to witness passage of the suffrage amendment. She had been a 19-year-old glove maker and drove 40 miles in a horse-drawn carriage in the July heat to the convention.
Carrie Chapman Catt, a pioneer leader for the suffrage movement, noted, "That vote has been costly. Prize it."
1935 Geraldine Ferraro born. First women VP nominee of a major party, at Democratic National Convention (1984). She retained her maiden name out of respect for her widowed mother. She was a NYC public school teacher and attended Fordham Law School at night. She graduated in 1960, one of two women in class of 179. Elected to US House of Representatives (D-NY) (1979-1985).
1970 Women's Strike for Equality on 50th anniversary of woman's suffrage, in New York City, led by Betty Friedan, president of the National Organization for Women (NOW). More than 50,000 women and men marched on Fifth Avenue in New York, and 40 other American cities, to recognize the 40th anniversary of the passage of the 19th Amendment and equal rights for women.
1970 Melissa McCarthy born. Actress,comedian, writer, producer.
1971 Congress declared August 26 as Women's Equality Day. Presidential Proclamations reaffirm annually.
1974 Bella Abzug sponsored the bill designating August 26 as "Women's Equality Day" and spearheaded the National Women's Conference in Houston to set agenda for women (1977). Abzug's bill secured the $5 million appropriation to hold the conference in Houston. As chairwoman, she presided over all the conference proceedings.
Abzug was elected class president in high school and student government president at Hunter College (1942). She graduated from Columbia Law School (1945), one of of three women in the class. She was rejected from Harvard Law School because women were not accepted until the class of 1953. At 50, she ran for Congress on feminist and peace platform and became one of 15 women in the US House of Representatives (1971-1976). Her legacy continues in the Bella Abzug Leadership Institute (BALI), founded by her daughter, Liz, to mentor and train middle, high school and college women ( www.abzuginstitute.org). Liz is Professor in Urban Studies and Women and Leadership at Barnard College/Columbia University.
1993 Keke Palmer born. Actress, singer, songwriter. Breakthrough role in "Akeelah and the Bee." (2006).
1996 First four women admitted to The Citadel began Hell Week. In 1995, Shannon Faulkner had become
the first woman to enter the state-funded, public military college in South Carolina, following years-long court battle. The harassment was so intense, she left after the first week. A record 78 women enrolled for the 2016-17 year, marking 20 years since women were allowed.
2012 Lydia Ko, 15, became the youngest LPGA Tour winner and only the fifth amateur champion. She turned professional in 2014.
* Credit Source: Beverly Wettenstein's "Women Make History Every Day Database"
1796 Sophia Smith born. First woman to found and endow a women's college. Smith College opened in 1875 with 14 students. Jill Ker Conway became first female president 100 years after its founding (1975-1985). She is Visiting Professor at MIT.
1875 Katharine D. McCormick born. Philanthropist graduated from MIT with Biology degree in 1904. She donated funds to build dormitory for 200 coeds, thus ending excuses that they could not increase female enrollment due to lack of housing. She funded original birth control research.
1932 Lady Antonia Fraser born.
1831 Lucy Hayes born. First Lady (1877-1881). First First Lady to earn college degree. Initiated White House Easter egg roll. Married attorney Rutherford Hayes on December 40, 1852, at 21. They had seven sons and one daughter.
1917 Ten women suffrage protestors picketed outside the White House and were arrested and sentenced to work camps. Alice Paul staged hunger strike in jail.
1929 Roxie Roker born. Actress played Helen Willis on "The Jeffersons," the wife in the first interracial couple on prime time TV. Mother of Lenny Kravitz and grandmother of Zoe Kravitz.
1971 Janet Evans born. Olympic swimmer won four gold medals. Sullivan Award (1989).
1963 More than 250,000 gathered for March on Washington and to hear Martin Luther King speak. No women were permitted to speak.
1912 Thelma Streat born. First African-American female painter to exhibit at the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) (1942).
1915 Ingrid Bergman born. Three Oscars: "Gaslight,""Anastasia," "Murder on the Orient Express." She died on her 67th birthday. Centennial celebration planned
1917 Isabel Sanford born. Film debut in "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner," as loyal housekeeper (1967). First African-American actress to win Primetime Emmy for Best Actress in Comedy Series, "The Jeffersons" (1981).
1945 Wyomia Tyus born. African-American sprinter was the first athlete to win Olympic gold medals back to back.
1989 Ileana Rose Lehtinen became the first Cuban-American and Latina elected to US Congress (R-Fla.). Ph.D., higher education.
1996 Atlanta Summer Olympics: US women's basketball, soccer, softball, gymnastics and synchronized swimming teams won gold medals. Donna de Varona, Olympic gold medalist swimmer (1964) and first TV network woman sports reporter (1972) chaired first women's World Cup Soccer competition (1999). Co-founded Women's Sports Foundation and served as first president (1979-1984).
1797 Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin Shelley born. Eloped with poet Percy Bysshe Shelley at 18. Published "Frankenstein" at 20.
1919 Kitty Wells born. Singer-songwriter-guitarist. First female to top country music charts. Country Music Hall of Fame (1976). Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award (1991).
1966 Constance Baker Motley was confirmed as the firstt African-American female on the federal bench, as US District judge (1966). Ruled decision that female reports be allowed in MLB locker rooms (1978). First African-American female to argue case before Supreme Court. First female Manhattan Borough President (1965). "The Trials of Constance Baker Motley" premiered at the Tribeca Film Festival.
1984 Judith Resnick born. Ph.D., electrical engineering. Second US female astronaut, on Discovery maiden flight. She died on her second mission, SS Challenger (1986).
1993 Madison Square Garden Walk of Fame, initially 26 males, added three females, following protests: Billie Jean King, 49; Martina Navratilova, 26, and Chris Evert, 38.
1842 Josephine Ruffin born. At 15, she married George Lewis Ruffin, the first African-American graduate from Harvard Law School. Leader in civil rights and women's suffrage movements. Editor and publisher of Woman's Era, the first newspaper published by and for African-American women to advocate black women's rights (1890-1897).
1870 Maria Montessori born. First female graduate in medicine from University of Rome (1904). Educator opened first school in Rome (1907). and founded education method.
1920 Marie Ruoff Byrum walked 15 blocks in the rain to her polling place in Hannibal, MO.
At 7:00 AM, she became the first female to vote after passage of the 19th Amendment.
* Credit Source: Beverly Wettenstein's "Women Make History Every Day Database"