"WOMEN MAKE NEWS & HISTORY EVERY DAY DATABASE": JULY
Beverly's unique Database is the first-of-its-kind to honor women in history up to making history today. She presents little-known facts about popular personalities, as well as the many unsung heroines not found in traditional histories or reported in the media today.
Judy Chicago with "The Dinner Party." See July 2.
What is Title VII? See July 2.
Who was the first African-American tennis champion to win Wimbledon? See July 6.
When did New Jersey court rule Princeton's all male clubs had to admit women?
When did Princeton accept women students?
When did U.S. Supreme Court rule Jaycess must admit women members? See July 3.
When was the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) created?
How many filings in 2014? See July 7.
1908 Estee Lauder born. Cosmetics tycoon started worldwide empire with her chemist uncle's face cream in 1946. She inaugurated the "Gift With Purchase" promotion marketing incentive.
1958 Nancy Lieberman born. "Lady Magic" is a pioneer in women's sports. She was the first female coach of a men's team under the NBA umbrella and the first female to play in a men's professional league. Currently, she serves as the assistant general manager for the Texas Legends. She is Basketball Hall of Famer. The two-time Olympian was the youngest basketball player in Olympic history (male or female) at 18, earning a silver medal at the 1976 Summer Olympics.,
1961 Diana, Princess of Wales, born. On July 29, 1981, at 20 years of age, she married Prince Charles.
1984 Lichenstein was the last European country to give women the right to vote.
1937 Amelia Earhart disappeared on her around-world flight.
1939 Judy Chicago born. She pioneered "Feminist Art" and art education through the first feminist art program in the U.S., at California State University. "The Dinner Party" was executed between 1974 and 1979. Her monumental, multi-media masterpiece depicts women's social history. Chicago's ceremonial banquet is arranged on a triangular table with 39 place settings, each commemorating an important woman from history. The names of another 999 historical and mythical women of achievement are inscribed on the tile Heritage Floor below the table, The installation is the centerpiece of the Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art at the Brooklyn Museum (20007). Rotating exhibitions relate to the 1,038 women honored at the table. (w ww.brooklynmuseum.org/exhibitons/dinner_party/)
1964 President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Title VII
prohibited sexual discrimination in employment.
1979 Susan B. Anthony $1coin was issued.
1993 Dr. Sheila E. Widnall, 54, an aeronautical engineer, became Secretary of the Air Force, the first female in charge of a military service. She was the first female elected faculty chair at MIT (1979).
1908 Food writer and essayist M.K. Fisher born. Recipient of Grand Dame Award from Les Dames Escoffier International (www.ldei.org). Previous honorees were Julia Child and Ella Brennan.
1984 U.S. Supreme Court ruled Jaycees should accept women as full members. The Jaycees approved resolution to allow women full membership in August.
1990 Farewell to the F. Scott Fitzgerald aristocratic era at Princeton. The New Jersey Supreme Court ordered Princeton's two remaining men-only clubs to accept women. Princeton admitted 101 female freshmen and 70 female transfer students in September 1969. The eating clubs were the final vestiges of male-exclusivity. Eleven years prior, in 1979, third year student Sally Frank had filed a lawsuit. Shirley M. Tilghman became the first female president of Princeton in 2001, breaking a 255-year-old tradition. Notable graduates include Meg Whitman, 1977, CEO, Hewlett Packard; Supreme Court Justices Sonja Sotomayor,1976 and Elena Kagan, 1981; First Lady Michelle Obama,1985; novelists Jodi Picoult , 1987 and Jennifer Weiner, 1991. Weiner was a senior and co-founder of the Organization for Coeducational Eating Clubs, when the last all-male club was forced to admit women.
1987 Lions Club International voted to admit women. U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Rotary Clubs must admit women on May 4, 1987.
1899 Anna Arnold Hedgeman born. First African-American female in New York City mayoral cabinet.
1907 Mexican artist Frida Kahlo born. See "Women Make News."
1921 Nancy Reagan born. First Lady (1981-1989).
1942 Anne Frank and her family went into hiding above her father's Amsterdam warehouse.
1957 Althea Gibson became the first African-American athlete to play, and win, Wimbledon, in its 80-year history. See my Huffington Post Archive: "Let Us Remember Alice Marble, the Catalyst for Althea Gibson to Break the Color Barrier" (www.huffingtonpost.com/beverly-wettenstein/let-us-remember-alice-mar) In 1957, Gibson was also the first African-American to win the U.S. Nationals and the first to be named the AP Female Athlete of the Year.
1861 Biologist and geneticist Nettie Stevens born. Dr. Stevens was the first geneticist to identify the X and Y chromosomes in female sex determination.
1965 President Lyndon B. Johnson created the cabinet-level Equal Employment Commission (EEOC). It is illegal to discriminate against a person because they complained about discrimination, filed a charge, or participated in an employment discrimination investigation or lawsuit. In 2014, 89,000 individual charges were filed.
1972 Lisa Leslie born. Three-time WNBA MVP and four-time Olympic gold medal winner. First to dunk in a WNBA game. Elected to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame (2015).
1980 Michelle Kwan born. Two time Olympic medalist figure skater(1998, 2002) is the most decorated figure skater in U.S. history.
1987 Kiwanis International finally voted to admit women members, following proposals since the 1970s. See July 4. The immediate impact was a membership increase of more than 3,000 women in the first six months.
* Credit Source: Beverly Wettenstein's "Women Make History Every Day Database"