"WOMEN MAKE NEWS & HISTORY EVERY DAY DATABASE": MARCH
Beverly's unique Database is the first-of-its-kind to honor women in history up to making history today. She presents little-known facts about popular personalities, as well as the many unsung heroines not found in traditional histories or reported in the media today.
The Supremes' Selfie: Associate Justices Elena Kagan, Ruth Bader Ginsburg and
Sonia Sotomayor -- with House Minority Leader and former first female Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi.
See March 15 and March 26 below for their historic milestones.
Who wrote "Happy Birthday," the world's most popular song? See March 27.
How many women did Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher promote to her Cabinet? See March 28.
When did the Boston Marathon officially admit women? See April 19.
March is Women's History Month
1973 Robyn Smith became the first female jockey to win a major race, at Aqueduct. Sports Illustrated cover.
1983 Lupita Nuong'o born. Actress earned Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress in her first feature film role, "12 Years a Slave," 2013.
1987 The National Women's History Project (NWHP) was founded in 1980 to promote women's historical achievements. No more than 3 percent of the content in history texts was devoted to women. In 1987, NWHP led a coalition to successfully lobby Congress and the president to designate March as National Women's History Month.
1944 Elaine Jones born. First African-American graduate, University of Virginia Law School, 1970. First female president, NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund,1993.
1973 Women began pilot training in U.S. Navy.
1879 Belva Lockwood petitioned Congress to become the first female attorney to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court.
1893 Beatrice Wood born. Ceramic artist worked past age 100. Works exhibited in Smithsonian and Metropolitan Museums.
1913 Thousands of women suffragists marched in Washington, D.C. during President Woodrow Wilson's Inauguration.
1955 Claire Booth Luce became the first female ambassador to a major country, Italy.
Former Senator and Representative from Connecticut.
1962 Jacqueline Kennedy Joyner-Kersee was the first athlete to win consecutive gold medals in Olympic Heptathlons (seven). Sports Illustrated for Women named her the Greatest Female Athlete of the 20th Century.
1867 Ida Gray born. First African-American woman to earn DDS degree in U.S, 1890.
1917 Jeannette Rankin became the first woman elected to the House of Representatives, from Montana. She served two terms: 1917-1919 and 1941-1943. The only women elected to Congress from Montana.
1931 Alice Rivlin born. Economist was the first female director of the Office of Management and Budget and first female vice chair of the Federal Reserve Board, 1996.
1933 Frances Perkins became the first female in U.S. presidential cabinet, as Secretary of Labor, 1933-1945. Responsible for social security, unemployment insurance, child labor laws and federal minimum wage. The Department of Labor building was named for her in 1980.
1977 Janna Lambine was the first female to qualify as U.S. Coast Guard helicopter pilot.
1854 Mary Elizabeth Garrett endowed funds to Johns Hopkins University Medical School to admit women and become the first co-ed medical school in U.S..
1806 Poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning born.
1906 Nora Stanton Blatch became the first female member of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Daughter of activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
1924 Sarah Caldwell born. First female to conduct at the Metropolitan Opera in 1976 and New York Philharmonic Orchestra. Beverly Sills refused to sing at the Met unless Caldwell conducted.
1937 Valentina Tereshkova born. Soviet cosmonaut was the first female to fly in space, June 1963.
1980 Novelist Marguerite Yourcenar was the first female elected to the Academie Francaise.
1938 Janet Guthrie born. First female to qualify and race in the Indianapolis 500 and Daytona 500, 1977. Her helmet and race suit are in the Smithsonian. Inducted into International Motor Sports Hall of Fame, 2006.
1964 Comedian Wanda Sykes born.
2010 Kathryn Bigelow became the first female to win Academy Award for Best Director for
"The Hurt Locker" (six Oscars , including Best Picture).
1857 Women in New York City led strike for higher wages and shorter hours.
1945 International Women's Day first celebrated.
1959 Barbie Doll, created by Ruth Handler, debuted at Toy Fair. Named for her daughter. Handler was the first woman, with her husband, and 17th honoree, inducted into the Toy Industry Hall of Fame, in 1985. In 2016, Mattel announced plastic surgery for Barbie, introducing three new body types: petite, tall and curvy, to reach a more diverse global audience. See my article on Huffington Post: "Curves Ahead! Barbie and SI Get (More) Real!"
1976 West Point accepted first female cadets. In July, 119 women joined the Corps of Cadets. Of those, 62 females graduated in the first coed class, 1980.
1867 Lillian Wald born. Founded Henry Street Settlement and Visiting Nurse Service.
Advocated for public school nurses.
1876 Sculptor Anna Hyatt Huntington born. First public monument in New York City by a
woman, "Joan of Arc" on horseback. City's first monument dedicated to a historical
woman, located at Riverside Drive and 93 Street. First female artist elected to American
Academy of Arts and Letters, 1932.
1903 Clare Booth Luce born. First U.S. woman Ambassador to major post, Italy, 1953.
1947 Kim Campbell born. First female Prime Minister of Canada, 1993.
1969 The National Women's Hall of Fame founded in Seneca Falls, N.Y., site of the
first Women's Rights Convention in 1848. (www.greatwomen.org)
1977 Shannon Miller born. Most decorated gymnast in U.S. history.
1983 Carrie Underwood born. Winner of American Idol, 2005.
Inducted into Grand Ole Opry, 2008.
1903 Dorothy Schiff born. First female newspaper publisher in New York City, as owner and
publisher, New York Post
1907 Society women opened The Colony Club in New York City.
2006 Michelle Bachelet inaugurated as first female president of Chile. Re-elected
in 2013. Physician served as Health Minister and Defense Minister.
1912 Girl Scouts founded by Juliette Gordon Low with 18 girls in Savannah, Georgia.
Anna Maria Chavez was appointed the first Latina CEO of the Girl Scouts USA i n 2011.
Dr. Gloria D. Scott was the first African-American president, 1975-1978.
Today more than 3.2 million members. Among the 59 million alumnae in the U.S. are former
Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, activist Gloria Steinem, Olympic gold medalist
Venus Williams and pop singer Taylor Swift. (www.girlscouts.org)
1946 Liza Minelli born.
1993 Janet Reno sworn in as first female U.S. Attorney General.
She was one of 16 women in class of 500 at Harvard Law School, 1963.
1916 Lindy Boggs born. First female elected to Congress from Louisiana, 1973-1991.
First female Ambassador to Vatican,1997.
1986 Susan Butcher became the second female to win Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race.
1833 Lucy Hobbs Taylor born. First female granted dental degree, 1866.
1923 Photographer Diane Arbus born.
1887 Marjorie Merriweather Post born. Heiress founded General Foods Corporation.
Following divorce, she joined the Board of Directors.
1930 Brigadier General Wilma Vaught born. Spearheaded the Women in Military
Service for America Memorial at the entrance to Arlington National Cemetery.
1933 Ruth Bader Ginsburg born. Appointed second female Supreme Court Justice, 1992, after Sandra Day O'Connor, 1981. First female tenured professor, Columbia University, 1972.
When Ginsburg entered Harvard Law School in 1956, she was one of nine females in class of 500. The class that entered HLS in the fall of 2014 was 50 percent female of the 560 students enrolled. Elena Kagan, HLS 1986, became the first female and 22nd Dean of Harvard Law School, 2003-2009. She was succeeded by Martha Minow. Kagan was confirmed as the first
female U.S. Solicitor General on March 19, 2009. She became the fourth female Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, 2010.
1975 Eva Longoria born. Actress and producer earned Master's Degree in Chicano Studies, California State University, 2013.
1750 Astronomer Caroline Herschel was the first female to discover a comet.
1883 Susan Hayhurst, 63, became the first female pharmacy school graduate in U.S.
Female pharmacy graduates have increased from 14 percent in the mid-1960s to 65 percent today. Pharmacy is the best-paying profession for women and is family-friendly with scheduling flexibility.
1912 Patricia Nixon born. U.S. First Lady, 1969-1974.
1970 Newsweek cover story on the women's movement titled "Women in Revolt."
Coincidentally, an internal revolt was in progress. Forty-six female employees filed a complaint with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, charging discrimination in hiring and promotion. Females were relegated to research jobs and not promoted to writers or editors. In 1975, Lynn Povich became the first Newsweek female senior editor.
1905 Eleanor Roosevelt married Franklin D. Roosevelt. President Theodore Roosevelt gave the bride away.
1911 Camp Fire Girls founded.
1933 Myrlie Evers Williams born. First female elected chairperson of the NAACP board of directors, 1995. First female and lay person to deliver invocation, at President Barack Obama's second inauguration.
1968 Golda Meir, 70, was elected the first female Prime Minister of Israel, 1969-1974.
"Not being beautiful was the true blessing. Not being beautiful forced me to develop my inner resources. The pretty girl has a handicap to overcome."
1972 Soccer player Mia Hamm born.
1989 Grand Marshall Dorothy Hayden Cudahy was the first female to lead 229-year-old St.
Patrick's Day Parade in New York City, the largest in the world. Suspense novelist Mary Higgins Clark was the fifth female Grand Marshall, 2011.
1963 Vanessa Williams born. First African-American Miss America,1984. Lost title due to nude photos in Penthouse. Talented comeback queen has earned Grammy, Emmy and Tony Award nominations.
1964 Speed skater Bonnie Blair born. First American to win six gold medals in Winter Olympics.
1970 Queen Latifah born.
1947 Actress Glenn Close born. Three Emmys, three Tonys, six Academy Award nominations.
1954 Jill Abramson born. First female executive editor in 160 years at The New York Times, 2011- 2014. She was the Times' first female Washington bureau chief and managing editor.
She joined the Times from The Wall Street Journal,1988-1997. Number 5 on Forbes "Most Powerful Women" list, 2012. She was fired on May 14, 2014. A Harvard graduate, she is teaching a journalism class at Harvard, writing a book about the future of media and working on a digital journalism startup.
1997 Pamela Gordon elected first female Prime Minister of Bermuda.
1975 Actress,singer, dancer Sutton Foster born. Two-time Tony Award winner. Solo Carnegie Hall debut with New York Pops on March 13, 2015.
1852 Harriett Beecher Stowe's first novel, anti-slavery Uncle Tom's Cabin, published when she was 40. First best-selling million-copy novel in U.S. and best-selling novel of the19th century.
1951 Fashion designer Nicole Miller born.
1985 Libby Riddles, 28, was the first female winner of the grueling 1,100 mile Alaska Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race $50,000 first prize.
1905 Poet Phyllis McGinley born. Pulitzer Prize, 1961, the first awarded for light verse collection.
1962 Comedian, actor and TV host Rosie O'Donnell born.
1986 Debbi Thomas, 18, became the first African-American female to win gold medal in U.S. Figure Skating Championship and World Skating Championship, while full-time pre-med student at Stanford University. She was also awarded the Women's Sports Foundation's Sports Woman of the Year. Two years later, she was the first African-American athlete to medal (Bronze) in the Winter Olympics. Earned engineering degree, 1991. Graduated Northwestern Medical School, 1997, and became orthopedic surgeon.
1893 Senda Berenson officiated at the first collegiate women's basketball game, at Smith College, as part of exercise program. First woman inducted into Basketball Hall of Fame, 1985.
1962 Barbra Streisand, 19, made her Broadway debut in "I Can Get It For You Wholesale."
One of few performers to win EGOT: Emmy, Grammy, Oscar, Tony.
1972 Equal Rights Amendment was passed by Congress and sent to the states for ratification.
1976 Reese Witherspoon born. Actress won Best Actress Academy Award for her role as June Carter Cash in "Walk the Line," 2005.
1977 National Women's Studies Assn. established. (www.nwsa.org)
1994 Actress Lynn Redgrave became the first female president of the exclusive 100-year-old Players Club for performers. Helen Hayes was the first female inducted, 1988.
1997 Tara Lipinski, 14 years and 10 months, was the youngest World Figure Skating champion.
1857 Fannie Farmer born. Introduced first standardized cooking measurements. She had to
self-finance cookbook because male editors would not publish. More than four million copies sold in its first 75 years.
1919 Betty Nesmith Graham born. From White Out to Green Out. The Executive Secretary invented Liquid Paper correction fluid to cover typing errors, 1951. She had to market it herself after IBM declined to buy it. In 1979, she sold the company to Gillette Corp for $47.5 million, plus royalties. This was before "Shark Tank!" Mother of Michael Nesmith of The Monkees.
1912 Social worker and civil rights activist Dorothy Height born. President of the National Council of Negro Women, 1957-1997. An organizer of the March on Washington, she sat on the platform when Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his "I Have A Dream" speech. No women were permitted to speak. Awarded Presidential Medal Of Freedom, 1994.
1919 League of Women Voters organized.
1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Fire. As a result of the fatal factory fire where 146 young, immigrant women died, protective fire safety and labor legislation was enacted.
1934 Gloria Steinem born. Journalist, leader and spokeswoman for the women's rights movement. She was co-founder of Ms. magazine, 1972; the National Women's Political Caucus, 1971; the Women's Media Center, 2005. She is currently writing her fifth book, a memoir about her more than 40 years work as a feminist organizer. Rutgers University has launched a campaign to create the Gloria Steinem Endowed Chair in Media, Culture and Feminist Studies. Presidential Medal of Freedom, 2013. See May 11 Gloria Awards Event. Sponsored by the Ms. Foundation for Women (forwomen.org/gloriaawards).
1942 "Queen of Soul" Aretha Franklin born. First female performer inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, 1987.
1967 Debbi Thomas born. See March 21.
1971 Sheryl Swoopes born. Played for Texas Tech before becoming the first player signed to the WNBA in its inaugural season (1997-2000). Three-time WNBA MVP. Three-time Olympic Gold medalist. Named 1993 Sportswoman of the Year by the Women's Sports Foundation. First female basketball player to have a Nike shoe named for her, the "Air Swoopes." Referred to as the "female Michael Jordan." Head women's basketball coach at at Loyola University Chicago since 2013. She led the Houston Comets to win the inaugural WNBA Championship, six weeks after giving birth to her son in 1997. The son also rises! He signed to play basketball for her alma mater, Texas Tech.
1930 Sandra Day O'Connor born. First female appointed Associate Justice of the U.S.
Supreme Court, 1981. She graduated from Stanford Law third in her class and was Law Review editor in 1952. Her only job offer was as a legal secretary. She opted for public service.
1940 Nancy Pelosi born. Elected first female House of Representatives Minority Whip, 2001. First female and 60th Speaker of the House, in 110th and 111th Congresses, 2007-11. "This is a historic moment for the Congress, and for the women of this country...we have waited more than 200 years...For our daughters and granddaughters, today, we have broken the marble ceiling...the sky is the limit, anything is possible for them." She is the mother of five children.
1944 Diana Ross born. Kennedy Center Honors, 2007. Named "Female Entertainer of the Century" by Billboard magazine. Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, 2012.
1955 Ann Meyers-Drysdale born. Basketball player and sportscaster was the first female signed to a four-year college athletic scholarship, at UCLA, 1976-1979.
1973 London Stock Exchange admitted the first ten women members in 200-year history.
Muriel Siebert was the first female to own a seat on the New York Stock Exchange and the first to head a NYSE member firm, 1967. She became the first female New York State Supt. of Banking, 1977.
1868 Patty Smith Hill born. Kindergarten pioneer became the first female professor emeritus at
Columbia University. Heard of the Gershwin brothers songwriters? Heard of the Hill sisters? Patty collaborated with her sister, Mildred, to compose "Happy Birthday," the world's most popular song. They were posthumously inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame, 1996.
1910 Effa Manley born. Only female owner in Negro baseball leagues. First female inducted into Baseball Hall of Fame, 2006.
1912 Cherry Blossom trees planted in Washington, D.C. by First Lady Helen Herron Taft.
The National Cherry Blossom Festival, March 20-April 12, commemorates the gift of 3,000 cherry trees
from the mayor of Tokyo to Washington, DC. The goodwill friendship project was launched by Eliza Scidmore, the first female board member of the National Geographic Society.
1924 "The Divine" Sarah Vaughan born. Jazz and pop singer won amateur contest at the Apollo Theater, 1941.
1979 Margaret Thatcher, 53, became England's first and only female Prime Minister and the longest-serving in the 20th century. She promoted only one woman to her 22-member Cabinet in 11 years.
Indira Gandhi did not appoint any women to her full cabinet ranks during 15-year tenure.
Gro Harlem Brundtland, first female Prime Minister of Norway, included nine women in her
19-member third Cabinet.,1990-1996.
Chancellor Angela Merkel has four females, of 16 members, in her third Cabinet: Labor and Social Affairs, Defense, Family Affairs and Women and Education. New laws passed include mandatory 30 percent quota for women on corporate boards and wage equality bill.
1923 Julia Walsh born. First female to purchase a seat on the American Stock Exchange, 1965. First female to attend Harvard Business School's Advanced Management Program, 1962.
1902 Philanthropist Brooke Astor born.
1932 Amelia Earhart became the first female to fly solo across the Atlantic.
1968 Celine Dion born.
1776 Abigail Adams urged her husband, Congressman John Adams, who was framing the Declaration of Independence, "...Remember the ladies... We are determined to foment a Rebellion and will not hold ourselves bound by any laws in which we have no voice or representation."
* Credit Source: Beverly Wettenstein's "Women Make History Every Day Database"