"WOMEN MAKE NEWS & HISTORY EVERY DAY DATABASE": MAY
Beverly's unique Database is the first-of-its-kind to honor women in history up to making history today. She presents little-known facts about popular personalities, as well as the many unsung heroines not found in traditional histories or reported in the media today.
Billie Jean King founded the Women’s Sports Foundation. See May 4.
*Photo from “A Woman’s Book of Days” by Beverly Wettenstein.
How many female statues represent states in the U.S. Capitol’s Statuary Hall. See May 1.
When did the Supreme Court rule that Rotary Clubs must admit female members? See May 4.
Who was the first female nominated as candidate for U.S. President in 1872?See May 10.
Who was the first female governor elected in her own right? How many female governors today? See May 10.
Who was the first female U.S. Secretary of State? See May 15.
What state passed the first employment sex discrimination law in 1971? See May 17.
When did the first females join the White House Honor Guard? See May 17.
When did the first females graduate from U.S. service academies? See May 21.
Who was the Real Housewife and Mother of Invention and 12 children, who inspired “Cheaper By The Dozen?” See May 24.
Who was the first female to race in the Indy 500? See May 29.
Who was the opera singer who refused to sing at the Metropolitan Opera unless Sarah Caldwell became the first female conductor? See May 25.
1864 Anna Jarvis born. In 1908, she originated Mother’s Day on the anniversary of her mother’s death. In 1914, President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed the second Sunday in May as Mother’s Day.
1970 Essence Magazine debuted.
1975 Lila Cockrell, 53, won over nine men to become mayor of San Antonio, Tex.
1985 Jeanette Rankin statue was added to National Statuary Hall in the U.S. Capitol. Peace and women’s rights activist was the first female elected to Congress (1916 and 1940). Nine states have selected women to represent them in Statuary Hall.
1960 Margaret Leach was the first female to win two Pulitzer Prizes for History.
1970 Diane Crump was the first female jockey to ride in Kentucky Derby.
2015 Her Royal Highness Princess Charlotte (Elizabeth Diana) of Cambridge born. Fourth in line to the British throne.
1898 Golda Meir born. First female Prime Minister of Israel, at 70.
1913 First women’s suffragist parade led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton’s daughter, Harriot Stanton Blatch.
1933-1953 Nellie Tayloe Ross became the first female Director of U.S. Mint. First female elected governor in U.S.; first and only female governor of Wyoming, 1925-1927.
1929 Audrey Hepburn born. First actress to receive Academy Award, Golden Globe and BAFTA for a single performance,“Roman Holiday” (1953). She lived through Nazi-occupied Holland and suffered from malnutrition. Hepburn was awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom for her work as UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador (1992).
1974 The Women’s Sports Foundation was founded by Billie Jean King. Top female athletes will be honored at the 36th annual Salute to Women in Sports Dinner on October 20, 2015 in New York City. Further information:
1979 Margaret Thatcher, 53, became the first female Prime Minister of Britain. She appointed only one woman to her Cabinet in11
1987 U.S. Supreme Court ruled women must be admitted to the male-only Rotary Clubs.Following ruling, Lions and Kiwanis clubs decided to admit women.
1942 Tammy Wynette born. First Lady of Country Music didn’t exactly “Stand By Your Man.” Five marriages; four divorces.
1973 University of Miami granted first female athletic scholarship to Terry Williams.
1885 Good Housekeeping Magazine debuted.
1912 Long before “Mad Men.” 40 women established Advertising Women of New York, after being denied admittance to men’s professional club. Membership now is nearly 1,700 and ranges from senior level executives to those just beginning their career. Further information:
1914 President Woodrow Wilson designated the second Sunday in May as Mother’s Day, a national holiday.
1921 Mona Van Duyn born. U.S.Poet Laureate to Library of Congress (1992). National Book Award for Poetry (1970); Pulitzer Prize (1990).
1840 Elizabeth Cady, 25, wed Henry Brewster Stanton. She had “obey” omitted from the marriage vows. At 44, she had her seventh child. They were wed 47 years at his death. She organized the first women’s rights convention in Seneca Falls, N.Y (1848).
1872 Victoria Woodhull, 34, was nominated as the first woman candidate for U.S. President, by the Equal Rights Party.
1919 Ella Grasso born. First female elected Governor in her own right, in Connecticut, at 56 (1975-1980). Currently six females serve as Governor in Oregon, Oklahoma, South Carolina, New Hampshire, New Mexico and Rhode Island.
1958 Ellen Ochoa born. U.S. astronaut earned Ph.D. in electrical engineering at Stanford University. Ochoa was the first Hispanic female in space (1993). She is Director of the Johnson Space Center (2013-).
1894 Martha Graham born. Founded oldest dance company in U.S. First dancer to perform at the White House. Awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom.
1956 Financial Women’s Association (FWA) was founded in New York City by eight women on Wall Street who were excluded from male business clubs. FWA (www.fwa.org) now has more than 850 members worldwide. Agenda includes networking, career advancement, community service and mentoring opportunities, undergraduate and college scholarships. The Women of the Year Awards Dinner is May 11. For more information see “Support Women Upcoming Events” on my website
1820 Florence Nightingale born. Founder of modern nursing.
1907 Katharine Hepburn born. Record four Academy Awards for Best Actress. American Film Institute honored her as the greatest female star in Hollywood history.
1918 Mary Kay Ash born. Founder of Mary Kay Cosmetics.
1995 Alison Hargreaves became the first female to conquer Mt. Everest without oxygen or sherpas.
1971 First female pages appointed at U.S. Senate.
1973 U.S. Supreme Court ruled that women in armed forces were entitled to the same spouses’ benefits as those for male servicemen.
1995 Myrlie Evers-Williams was sworn in as the first female chair of the NAACP (1995- 1998). She was the first female and layperson to deliver invocation at a presidential inauguration, for Barack Obama, in 20013.
1869 Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton founded the National Woman Suffrage Association.
1937 Madeleine Albright born. U.S. Ambassador to UN., Cabinet position (1994-1997). First female U.S. Secretary of State (1997-2001). Presidential Medal of Freedom.
1942 Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) signed into law.
1991 Edith Cresson, 57, became the first female Premier of France.
1880 Anne O'Hare McCormick born. A year after she became the first female on the New York Times editorial page in 1936, she won the Pulitzer Prize for foreign correspondence. She was the second female to win Pulitzer Prize in journalism (1937).
1919 U.S. Congress sent 19th Amendment, granting all women the right to vote, to the states for approval.
1929 Adrienne Rich born. When the future poet attended Radcliffe, only men taught and only male poets were studied. She accepted her 1974 National Book Award on behalf of all women.
1971 First law in U.S. to ban employment sex discrimination passed, in Washington State legislature.
1978 First Lady Rosalynn Carter lobbied the Pentagon to hire women in the White House Honor Guard.
1919 Dame Margot Fonteyn born. Prima ballerina.
1970 Tina Fey born. First female head writer on “Saturday Night Live” (1999). Following audition, she became co-host on“Weekend Update” (2000). It was a bold move when she hired Amy Poehler and they became the first two-women SNL “Weekend Update” co-hosts (2004). At 40, Fey was the youngest honoree of the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor (2010). The dynamic duo of Fey and Poehler made history again as the first female co-hosts at the Golden Globe Awards (2013, 2014).
1930 Lorraine Hansberry born. The first African-American female to produce a play on Broadway. Her autobiographical “A Raisin in the Sun” opened in 1959.
1941 Nora Ephron born.
1768 Dolley Madison born. First Lady (1809-1817). As British troops burned Washington in the War of 1812, she fled with Gilbert Stuart’s portrait of George Washington and state documents.
1932 Amelia Earhart’s first solo Atlantic flight.
2015 Christina Tosi, 33, will debut on May 20 as the first female judge on Season 6 of “MasterChef."Tosi is founder of the dessert program at Momofuku-Milk Bar in New York City. The 2015 James Beard Award for "Best Pastry Chef” winner was a finalist last year. She also won the James Beard “Rising Star Chef” Award in 2012. Tosi will continue to judge “MasterChef” and “MasterChef Junior.”
1944 Mary Robinson born. Attorney was first female president of Ireland (1990-1997).UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (1997).
1959 Loretta Lynch born. First African-American female Attorney General (2015), after Janet Reno (1993-2001). See more in News.
1980 First females graduated from U.S. service academies. President Gerald Ford signed law passed by Congress. When females
were first admitted in 1976, more than 300 enrolled at West Point, the Naval Academy, Air Force Academy and Coast Guard Academy. Women now make up almost 18 percent of West Point enrollment, which has 1,100 cadets per class.
1844 Mary Cassatt born, Impressionist painter noted for depictions of mothers and children.
1943 Betty Williams and Mairead Corrigan founded Community of Peace People in Northern Ireland. Shared Nobel Peace Prize (1976).
1810 Margaret Fuller born. Journalist and women’s rights activist. First American female to write landmark book about women’s equality, “Women in the Nineteenth Century” (1845). First female foreign correspondent, New York Tribune (1846).
1846 Arabella Mansfield born. First female attorney in U.S.. Admitted to Iowa bar after she challenged the state law excluding women (1869). Chaired the Iowa Women’s Suffrage Convention (1870) and worked with Susan B. Anthony.
1910 Margaret Wise Brown born. Children’s book author, “Goodnight Moon”(1947). More than four million copies sold.
1819 Queen Victoria born. Future queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland inherited the throne at 18. Ruled “Victorian Era” (1837-1901).
1830 “Mary Had A Little Lamb,” by Sarah Josepha Hale, published.
1878 Lillian Gilbreth born. The Real Housewife and Mother of Invention and Modern Management, was the mother of 12 children. She was the fictionalized inspiration for “Cheaper by the Dozen” memoir by her children. A Ph.D. in Psychology and industrial engineer and efficiency expert, she innovated time and motion studies. Gilbreth pioneered efficient kitchen design, foot-pedal trash cans, storage shelves on refrigerator doors and an electric food mixer. At 89, she was the first female elected into the National Academy of Engineering and number 1 member of the Society of Women Engineers. First female graduation speaker, University of California, Berkeley (1900).
1905 Claire McCardle born. Fashion designer created “separates,” stretch leotard body suit and moderate-priced ready-to-wear. She popularized denim and fabrics requiring less ironing.
1918 All women in Canada granted the right to vote and run for office.
1934 Jane Byrne born. First and only female mayor of Chicago (1979-1983).
1946 Tansu Ciller born. Economist was the first female Prime Minister of Turkey (1993-1996)
1928 Mary Wells Lawrence born. Co-founder, Wells, Rich, Green ad agency. Before Peggy Olson, the secretary-turned copy chief and Joan Harris, the office manager who rose to agency partner, on “Mad Men,” there was Mary Wells Lawrence. She was the first female CEO of a New York Stock Exchange company and U.S. ad agency.
1929 Beverly Sills born. Premiere operatic soprano refused to perform at the Metropolitan Opera unless Sarah Caldwell could conduct. Caldwell made debut as the first female at the Met podium in 93 years, on January 13, 1976.
1909 Helen Moore Anderson born. First U.S. female Ambassador, to Denmark (1949).
1951 Sally Ride born. Astrophysicist was the first U.S. female astronaut into space at 32, on June 18, 1983 (1983 and 1984).
1819 Julia Ward Howe born. Activist wrote “Battle Hymn of the Republic” after meeting President Abraham Lincoln at the White House (1862). At 88, first female elected member of American Academy of Arts and Letters (1908). Inducted into Songwriters Hall of Fame posthumously (1970).
1907 Rachel Carson born. “The Silent Spring” (1962) warned of dangerous pesticides to ecology. Led environmental protection movement.
1977 Eleanor Roosevelt’s Val Kill Cottage in Hyde Park, N.Y. named National Historic site.
1952 Women in Greece granted right to vote.
1851 “Ain’t I A Woman?” asked Sojourner Truth at the Women’s Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio.
1895 Jane Grant born. First female to cover a city-room desk at The New York Times (1914- 1930). She specialized in women’s news and covered the rise of the suffrage movement until it became front-page news and then male reporters were assigned. Co-founded The New Yorker (1925).
1943 Norman Rockwell’s “Rosie the Riveter” appeared on the cover of theSaturday Evening Post.
1977 “In company with the first lady ever to qualify at Indianapolis, gentlemen, start your engines.” Champion race car driver Janet Guthrie, 39, became the first female to complete Indy 500.
1886 Dorothy Eustis born. Founder, the “Seeing Eye” guide dog training school (1930).
1946 Candy Lightner born. Founder of Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD), in memory of 13-year-old daughter, in 1979.
1924 Patricia Roberts Harris born. First African-American female to hold Cabinet position and two positions: Secretary of HUD (1977-1979) and Secretary of HEW (1979-1981). First African-American female dean of a law school, Howard University (1969). First African-American female to serve as U.S. Ambassador, to Luxembourg (1965). First African-American female board director of Fortune 500 company, IBM (1971).
1982 Ellen Burstyn became the first female president of Actor’s Equity, founded in 1913. Oscar for “Alice Doesn’t Live Here Anymore” (1974).
* Credit Source: Beverly Wettenstein’s “Women Make History Every Day Database.”